Early discussions of ‘climate justice’ have been dominated by economists rather than political philosophers but more recently analytical liberal political philosophers have joined the debate.
That said the philosophical discussion of climate justice remains in its early stages.
A paper ‘Does anthropogenic climate change violate human rights?’ considers one promising approach based on human rights which has been advocated recently by several theorists that include Simon Caney, Henry Shue and Tim Hayward.
A basic argument supporting the claim that anthropogenic climate change violates human rights is presented while four objections to this argument are examined: the ‘future persons’ objection; the ‘risk’ objection; the ‘collective causation’ objection; and the ‘demandingness’ objection. This critical examination leads to a more detailed specification and defence of the claim that anthropogenic climate change violates human rights. Jasper Humphreys, The Marjan Centre.
Does anthropogenic climate change violate human rights? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy; Volume 14, Issue 2, 2011